“Boxer’s Fracture is a colloquial term for a fracture of one of the metacarpal bones of the hand. Classically, the fracture occurs transversely across the metacarpal neck, after the patient strikes an object with a closed fist. Alternate terms include scrapper’s fracture or bar room fracture. ”
When I teach striking for self defense and defensive tactics – with the exception of a hammer fist in certain configurations – I advise against striking with a closed fist, particularly to the head, for various reasons related to safety and tactical performance – and sometimes the simple optics of the act. While I am far from the only one explaining this, I’ve personally seen and heard of too many folks dealing with hand injuries, including several officers who punched resisting suspects in the head and lost time at work or later had to have surgery, to take the potential for a hand injury lightly.
Outside of that personal experience, a cursory review of available popular research shows a particular class of fracture literally referred to as a “Boxer’s Fracture.”
Then Googling “boxers and broken hands” or “MMA fighter’s broken hands,” one notices that even the best trained, most highly skilled professionals also occasionally have problems breaking their hands in fights – sometimes even when wearing gloves
Things that make you go hmmm….
Looking back on those old-timey bare-knuckle boxers, they didn’t bust their hands up like that, did they? And those fights could go on for forty or seventy rounds or even longer!
How could they fight that long, with bare knuckles, and not hurt their hands?
Bare knuckle boxing is still being conducted, and has even been offered as a potential alternative to gloved boxing due to the inherent and more lethal danger of hitting people hard and repeatedly in the head when wearing padded hand protection.
Well What about Self Defense?
In an unarmed scuffle, if you are at all tough, a broken hand will not likely mean that you will be unable to continue fighting, or even prevail in the encounter, so isn’t the point kind of moot?
The essential nature of self defense is not, and should never be confused with, mano-a-mano brawling, in either the ring or on the street. Self defense includes so many other elements and potentials that must be taken into account if we are engaging appropriately integrated and transdisciplinary combatives.
There is always the potential for an empty hand fight, or resistive arrest, to weaponize at any time, and a change in the nature of the confrontation could necessitate an immediate need for a fighting tool: lethal or less lethal. While it may be fine continuing to pummel someone’s face with a mangled hand, I’m not so sure I’d want to be attempting to access a Taser, or a knife, or to draw and manipulate a pistol, or try to retain a weapon with that self-same hand. Particularly as the stakes of the confrontation have just gone way up – along with the stress that goes with that turn of events.
And let’s say I have a weapons’ malfunction. Maybe had that malfunction because I was shooting with a broken hand. And though perhaps still be able to fire a pistol with a broken hand, do I really want to be trying to clear, say, a double feed with one?
Even a reload could be problematic…
Further, should I incur other injuries from the threat, how will my ability to treat them be impacted by having a broken hand?
Self-application of tourniquets tight enough is tough enough, without additional difficulty presented by a hand injury.
And if I had to administer aid to another? A friend, or loved one? A child?
Let alone the issue of blood borne pathogens. One of the marked disconnects in the defensive communities’ understanding of real life confrontations is the need to be concerned for bleeding on the part of both assailants and ourselves. Punching people in the face causes more bleeding, from both the target and the abraded knuckles of the striker. While at times some bleeding may be unavoidable, given the choice to use tactics less likely to result in the rapid introduction of nasty contaminants into an already chaotic and uncontrolled encounter, it would seem the better option.
Mindful of these things, I’ve reconsidered relying on techniques that have a recognized propensity for causing hand injuries, even to very experienced fighters with and without gloves, in favor of other options.
And I reserve the right to question any instructor who claims otherwise.